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Nutritional Status

Nutritional status is a positive health indicator (WHO, 1981 p32). There are many ways to measure nutritional status. Among these, the weight-for-age status of the preschool children, is considered to be the most sensitive indicator of community nutrition. For adults the body mass index (BMI) is considered more appropriate. The National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (NNMB) at the National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad assesses nutrition situation in the country on a continuous basis. NNMB measures nutrition status in 10 states including Andhra Pradesh. Statistics and data regarding nutritional status of AP and other states has been culled out from periodic reports of the NNMB. The NNMB has so far conducted one reference and two repeat surveys to assess changes in nutritional status of population in the study states. The reference survey took place in 1975-79 and the two repeat surveys took place during 1988-90 and 1996-97. The National Family and Health Surveys (NFHS) provide an independent estimate of prevalence of malnutrition among preschool children. Two NFHS have been conducted in the country so far.

 *  Malnutrition among preschool children in AP and other states
 *  Chronic Energy Deficiency (CED) in adults of AP and other states

Updated by Samatha Reddy Dated: 07/08/2003


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