of rapid and unplanned urbanisation has resulted in an
unprecedented revolution in the growth of motor vehicles
world-wide. The alarming increase in morbidity and mortality
owing to road traffic accidents (RTA) over the past few
decades is a matter of great concern globally. Currently
motor vehicle accidents rank ninth in order of disease
burden and are projected to be ranked third in the year
2020. In India, more than 70,000 people get killed due to
RTA every year, and this needs to be recognised as an
important public health issue. Very few studies have
attempted to understand the epidemiology of risk factors
associated with RTA in Indian cities. The present study aims
to examine the magnitude of this multifaceted problem in a
rapidly developing Hyderabad metropolis and analyse the
To study the
cause of road traffic accidents in Hyderabad city.
and analyse the risk factors and accident prone sites (
black spots), which form the crucial determinants of the RTA.
the nature, type and mode of occurrence of accidents.
To study the
nature and type of injuries
- The current situation of the
road traffic system in Hyderabad city will be reviewed in
consultation with various departments and the information
gathered from the multiple sources will be integrated for
setting up a database on the causes, nature and magnitude of
RTA in the city.
- Using this database, major
accident-prone areas would be identified and the data
pertaining to the time, place, effectiveness of emergency
medical services, police inquiry and other relevant
information will be collected.
- The risk factors would be
identified and classified as:
Non use of protective gear
by two-wheeler riders.
ii. Driving under the
influence of alcohol.
iii. Over speeding &
under-utilisation and non-utilisation of
iv. Overtaking from wrong
direction, use of cell phones while driving.
v. Knowledge attitude and practice (KAP) of road users and traffic
Poor road surface, slippery
surfaces & uneven surfaces.
lighting conditions & poor traffic regulation.
road markings and sign boards.
of a lane system for mixed traffic and encroachment of foot.
- Direct observation studies
closed circuit TV (CCTV) monitoring technique will be
adopted for recording the activity going on at traffic
junctions. Once installed, the junctions would be monitored
from a central control room stationed at IHS to keep count
of accident occurrence at the selected study sites.
hand information will be gathered from the survivor, eye
witnesses of the accident etc. Reporting from various
sources would be cross verified with the directly recorded
of the activity:
|3 years from start of
|Phase I - Preparatory Phase ( 6
- Identification, contact,
establishing liaison, meeting with various departments
- Development of study
- Training of field
investigators & pilot study.
|Phase II - Data collection Phase
( 15 months)
- Information will be
collected from the allied sectors of police, transport,
health, insurance and corporation officials.
- Information will also be
collected from accident survivors, eyewitnesses and crime
|Phase III - Data Pooling Phase (
|The information gathered from
the various sources will be pooled up for setting up a
database on the causes, nature and magnitude of RTA in the
|Phase IV - Data Analysis and
Report Preparation ( 9 months)
- Statistical packages to be
used will include EpiInfo and Stata and other software as
- At the end of the study, a
final technical report will be prepared.
- The information generated
from this study would be disseminated to promote awareness
and participation among the professional, public and
media, on various aspects of the Road Traffic
For details and enquiries write to Satish Kumar
Updated on 03/05/2003